TO THE TUTOR;
ENGLISH HAS BORROWED WORDS FROM OTHER LANGUAGES; THESE ARE KNOWN AS 'BORROWINGS' OR 'LOAN WORDS'.
English has incorporated words from other countries over the centuries.
The loan words have enriched the language. It is important that the student have knowledge of these words. A good grasp of loan words enables the student to increase both fluency and variety of expression.
Here is an example of a list with words which have been incorporated from other countries.
Meaning; Pleasure derived by someone from another's misfortune.
Meaning; Wishing good health to someone who has just sneezed.
Meaning; Yearning to travel
Meaning; A housewife
Meaning; Breed of dog
Meaning; Shop selling cooked meats, relishes, cheeses
Meaning; Traditional dress
Meaning; Alpine Flower
Meaning; temperature reading
Meaning; something broken and without use
Meaning; false step, usually in society
Meaning; a feeling of already having experienced the present situation
Meaning; Stylized lily or iris which is used as a decorative design or symbol
Meaning; Dance performed on the tips of the toes
Meaning; Any form of entertainment or social events that occur at ski resorts
Meaning; Pasta or vegetables, rice or beans that are cooked to be firm to the bite
Meaning; In the fresh air, outdoors
Meaning; Coffee drink made with espresso and steamed milk
Meaning; Coffee drink made with espresso and hot milk, and topped with foamed milk
Meaning; Long, thin, cylindrical pasta
Meaning; A dish originally from Italy, consisting of dough made of durum wheat and water which is made into various shapes and then typically cooked in boiling water
Sari [plural saris]
Meaning; A garment worn by women, consisting of a long pice of cotton or silk wrapped around the body with one end draped over the head or over one shoulder. The word itself originated from Hindi and Sanskrit between 1570 AD and 1580 AD
Meaning; loose fitting jacket and trousers for sleeping in
Meaning; A small rowing boat. This word derives from Sanskrit.
Meaning; Small bed for a baby.
Meaning; overly enthusiastic and eager, particularly in the context of fighting
Meaning; large extinct form of elephant. The word is used in adjectival form, to describe something very large
Meaning; self appointed group which undertakes law enforcement within their community
Meaning; fabric worn around head or shoulders, or to wrap a baby
Meaning; Marsupial animal
Meaning; Curved flat piece of wood that can be thrown so as to return back to the thrower
To the Tutor;
There are many more examples of loan words. Words have been borrowed from other countries such as Sweden, Arabia, Japan, Malaysia, many countries in Africa, Afrikaans, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands, Etruscan origin, Scotland and many more. It is fascinating to realise how other countries have deeply enriched the English language.
Draw up your own lists for your students. Set your student lists of loan words to learn. Do this at regular intervals. Check the student's knowledge of the loan words by means of verbal and/or written tests.
Best wishes with your tutoring!
Catherine Nicolette Whittle
Diploma TESOL and EDI Level 5 Diploma in Teaching English
London Teacher's Training College